David Lordkipanidze

Dmanisi Skull 5.



The site of Dmanisi, in the Republic of Georgia (between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea) has the earliest evidence for hominins out of Africa, dating to 1.8 million years ago. Five skulls of early Homo erectus, sometimes called Homo georgicus, were found with simple Oldowan stone tools.


Dmanisi, in the Caucasus
First out of Africa
Early humans, Homo georgicus,
One point eight million years ago
Elephant, sabertooth, panther and bear
Antelope, bison herds, steppe horse and deer


Dmanisi, in the Caucasus
First in Eurasia
Early stone tools, from the Oldowan
spaceDiverse raw materials
Rhinoceros, Etruscan wolf, short-necked giraffe
Mammoth herds, wild goat, hyaena packs


How’d you get so far?
What brought you here?
So many faces shown to us, places known to us, that you’ve seen


Dmanisi, in the Caucasus
First out of Africa
Giant ostrich, giant cheetah
Steppe-forest habitat
Lava flow, volcanic ash, tunnels and pipes
Tooth-marked bones, cut-marked bones, primeval life


Skull 5

Skull 5 from Dmanisi,
the most complete early Homo skull


Click the > to play the music file.

To download the song to your computer, click here and select "Save File" if prompted.

"Dmanisi" © 2016. Music and Lyrics by Nicholas Toth and Kathy Schick, THE STONE AGE INSTITUTE®. All rights reserved.


Carrie Newcomer

Guitars and Bass:
Nicholas Toth

Tom Schoenemann

David Weber

David Weber

Recorded at Airtime Studios, Bloomington, Indiana© 2016, THE STONE AGE INSTITUTE®.
Our Musicians

Music Connections

Music at the Stone Age Institute

To learn more about early hominids, click here.

Back to the top
Back to the top